African American Submariners of World War II and Beyond
African American soldiers and sailors saw extensive action during World War II in nearly every theatre of operations. Though few in number, Black submariners played an important role in manning the navy submarines, many built at Portsmouth, which wrought havoc against Japanese naval and merchant vessels. Limited by the U.S. Navy's segregation policies to service as officers' stewards, many Black sailors in fact performed combat duty with great bravery and distinction, including such men as Walter Wilson, the battle-station helmsman aboard the legendary submarine Trigger; Bronze Star medalist George Lytle aboard Drum; and Arthur Brown, who participated in the rescue and care of many refugees liberated from Japanese-held islands while serving aboard Narwhal. Glenn Knoblock's talk, based on hundreds of interviews with World War II veterans and years of research, leaves the audience with a better understanding of the Submarine Force during World War II, and appreciation for America's undersea warriors.